- What is the most common cause of death in a fire?
- What element of fire triangle does a fire blanket remove?
- What should you not do during a fire?
- Which extinguishes the fire of flammable liquids?
- What does a continuous fire alarm mean?
- What is the correct order of evacuation?
- When a fire breaks out what is the biggest killer?
- How long does it take for a human to die in a fire?
- What is a Level 3 evacuation?
- What is the most common way a fire spreads?
- What should you do if a fire occurs in the hospital?
- How do you stop combustion and extinguish a fire?
- What should you do when a continuous fire alarm sounds?
- What do you do when your apartment fire alarm goes off?
- What are the 3 stages of evacuation?
- When should you turn off piped oxygen in a fire?
- What is Stage 1 horizontal evacuation?
- What Colour are fire signs?
What is the most common cause of death in a fire?
Smoke inhalationSmoke inhalation is the primary cause of death for victims of fires.
The inhalation or exposure to hot gaseous products of combustion can cause serious respiratory complications.
Some 50–80% of fire deaths are the result of smoke inhalation injuries, including burns to the respiratory system..
What element of fire triangle does a fire blanket remove?
Operation. For a fire to burn, all three elements of the fire triangle must be present: heat, fuel and oxygen. The fire blanket is used to cut off the oxygen supply to the fire, thereby putting it out. The fire blanket must be sealed closely to a solid surface around the fire.
What should you not do during a fire?
10 things not to do in a fireDon’t install smoke alarm detectors. … Pop upstairs to retrieve heirlooms, passports and pets. … Open doors that have smoke billowing from the joints. … Throw water on a chip pan fire. … Try and escape using a Lift. … Jump from an upstairs window. … Hide in a cupboard or under the bed. … Smoke cigarettes in bed.More items…•
Which extinguishes the fire of flammable liquids?
sodium bicarbonate“B” LIQUIDS These can be fires where cooking liquids, oil, gasoline, kerosene, or paint have become ignited. Two commonly used chemicals are effective in fighting these types of fires. Monoammonium phosphate effectively smothers the fire, while sodium bicarbonate induces a chemical reaction which extinguishes the fire.
What does a continuous fire alarm mean?
You need to know that there are two different fire alarm sounds: Continuous means the fire is in your area. Intermittent or short bursts, means the fire is nearby. The alarms will sound throughout the Hospital (or building that you are in).
What is the correct order of evacuation?
Evacuate all patients nearest the danger area first. If a complete evacuation of the area is ordered, move patients in the following order: 1. Ambulatory patients – Provide a guide to lead patients out and someone to follow to assure that no one becomes confused and tries to return to the area. 2.
When a fire breaks out what is the biggest killer?
According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), most fire deaths are the result of smoke inhalation rather than burns. NFPA notes that every 20 seconds somewhere in the United States a fire department is responding to a fire.
How long does it take for a human to die in a fire?
Lethal first-degree respiratory burns were found to occur in just 230 seconds (under four minutes). The experiment concluded that facing the fire causes more serious damage to the human respiratory tract, especially if the subject could not get away from the immediate fire area.
What is a Level 3 evacuation?
Residents should either voluntarily relocate to a shelter or designated area or with family/friends outside the area or be ready to leave at a moment’s notice. Level 3: GO! – Level 3 means there is immediate danger. GO NOW! You are advised to evacuate immediately.
What is the most common way a fire spreads?
Convection is the most common cause of fire spreading in domestic and commercial buildings. Conduction refers to the spread of fire through direct contact between materials. Some materials are better conductors of heat than others, metal is a good example.
What should you do if a fire occurs in the hospital?
Confine the area by closing all doors. Extinguish the fire if the fire is small (use P.A.S.S). Evacuate patients from the area if instructed to do so by fire officials or hospital leadership. areas adjacent to the fire’s point of origin).
How do you stop combustion and extinguish a fire?
To stop a combustion reaction, one of the three elements of the fire triangle must be removed. Without sufficient heat, a fire cannot begin, and it cannot continue. Heat can be removed by the application of a substance which reduces the amount of heat available to the fire reaction.
What should you do when a continuous fire alarm sounds?
Make sure you are familiar with the fire action cards and evacuation routes before any incident. If there is a continuous fire alarm, evacuate to the fire as- sembly point as indicated on fire action notices. Do not re-enter the building unless told it is safe by the fire response team or fire and rescue service.
What do you do when your apartment fire alarm goes off?
If you discover a fire, sound the alarm and call the fire department. If you can hear instructions over your building’s public address system, listen carefully and do as you are told. You might be told to stay where you are. Leave the fire area quickly, closing all doors behind you to slow the spread of fire and smoke.
What are the 3 stages of evacuation?
To develop an effective evacuation plan, employers should follow the 3 stages of evacuation in a fire:’Stage 1′: Immediate evacuation;’Stage 2′: Lateral evacuation; and.’Stage 3′: Partial evacuation.
When should you turn off piped oxygen in a fire?
In the event of a fire, it is important to note that medical gasses, including oxygen, are NOT immediately shut off. It would be appropriate to shut off the oxygen supply to an area only if a piece of medical equipment supplied with oxygen or a patient using oxygen is on fire.
What is Stage 1 horizontal evacuation?
Evacuation is defined as “Removal, from a place of actual or potential danger to a place of relative safety, of people and (where appropriate) other living creatures.” Horizontal Evacuation means moving away from the area of danger to a safer place on the same floor as the individual(s) is on.
What Colour are fire signs?
redWhat colour are fire equipment signs? Any fire safety signs that are associated with fire fighting equipment is red. This is in line with the equipment itself, which is also required to be red in colour.